9 Famous Muslim Women of Islamic History

Women are the most precious thing ever made in the creation. Yet, during the civilization period of humans, the feminine part of society faced hardship, torture, and prostration everywhere. 

Still, women fight back against the harsh reality of civilization. For them, it is a glorious victory, which affected modern-day women’s rights. 

But, to fight against tyranny, some support is necessary. If so, then how were women’s rights established? Well, Islam was the first religion that instituted women’s rights by the words of Muhammed. 

Today we are going to talk about some famous Muslim women who remain eternal in historical archives for their wise footsteps. 

9 Incredible and Powerful Muslim Women 

During modern social development, women have to face body-shaming where body fitness became essential. But it was not alike in the past history of females at least for the Muslim ladies.

After doing huge research about some Muslim women’s life and occupancies, we found that these gentlewomen have a great impact on Islamic history. So, check out how they have earned such an honorable place in Islam. 

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, The First Believer 

Famous Muslim Women: Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, The First Believer

In Ad 619, 22 November (in English calendar), The Muslim woman Khadijah bint Khuwaylid who was the most iconic, was born. This one of the Muslim women leaders was the first female figure who trusted Muhammed’s preachings.

Khadijah was a pretty smart and a noblewoman from the blood. Her father was a wealthy merchant of Mecca. After her father and two husband’s death, she inherited all the wealth left by her father and continued his business and trade. 

According to Sunni biographers, Khadijah was a rich woman and a successful merchant, though she wasn’t satisfied with her life. 

In her 40s, she employed Muhammed to manage one of her caverns from a trade. At the first look of Muhammed, she fell in love and offered her hand in marriage through Nafisa, a friend of hers.

The marriage of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid and Muhammad was a significant event in Islamic history. After the wedding, Khadijah did wondrous things to establish Islam as a global religion.

Furthermore, She donated all her wealth to his husband, always supported him in his holy mission, and helped him spread Islam. 

According to local historians, she used her money to buy slaves and free the Muslim community at that time. 

Aisha b Abu Bakr, Mother of Believers

Aisha b Abu Bakr, Mother of Believers

After Khadijah bint Khuwaylid’s death, The founder of Islam Muhammed felt empty and broken down. For this, it was hard for Muhammed to continue his preach. The person who filled this gap in Muhammed’s heart was Aisha b Abu Bakr. 

According to historians, Aisha was born in AD 613 or early 614. Her mother was Umm Ruman, and her father was Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was one of the most trusted companions of Muhammed. Aisha married Muhammad in 624CE. 

Aisha was the second wife of Muhammad and played a crucial role in Islamic history. She served Islam even after Muhammad’s death and continued spreading his messages in Arab for 44 years.

In traditional Sunni archives, Aisha is defined as noblewomen and erudite. She was also recognized for portraying 2, 210 hadiths. These hadiths were not only covering the extraordinary life of Muhammad, but also the knowledge about various topics such as Hajj, inheritance, and eschatology. 

Furthermore, Aisha understood poetry and medicine in her early ages of life. Her intellectuality was so remarkable that she was highly appreciated by the early scholars such as Al-Zhuri.

Zaynab b. Ahmed, The Prominent Teacher

Zaynab b. Ahmed, The Prominent Teacher

In the middle ages of Islam, when women’s rights of education were first established in Arab, many women scholars were recognized. Among these individuals, the most famous scholar was Zaynab b. Ahmed. 

Zaynab studied in the Hanbali school located in Saudi Arabia and became a female Muhaddith of Damascus and Baalbek in the 13th century. She acquired many Ijazah (in English “diploma”) in various fields, but the most notable section was hadith. 

Moreover, she was a very influential teacher, historian, one of female Muslim leaders, and Muslim scholar in the Islamic middle ages and devoted her life to acquiring knowledge. In the early 14th century, she thought such books as-

  • Sahi-Bukhari
  • Sahi-Muslim
  • Abu Ruh al-Harawi, etc

One of the fascinating information about these great women of Islam is, she was the teacher of famous north-African traveler Ibn Battuta. It is essential to point out, Zaynab was one of the hundred female scholars in hadith in the medieval age of Islamic history. 

Rabia Al-Adawaiya, Muslim Saint 

Rabia Al-Adawaiya, Muslim Saint

In Islam, poetry and religious songs had a respectful place traditionally. These songs are called “gazal.” Even in the 20th century, gazals have a magical effect on the Muslim community. The mysticalness of Islamic realign is known as “Sufism.” Sufism was reflected by Gazals and religious poetry. 

In the middle ages, many Islamic poets and singers were recognized. Amongst them, one of the most famous Muslim women Rabia al-Adawaiya had a crucial place to build a new kind of song and philosophy. 

Rabia al-Adawaiya is one of the most famous saints, Sufi mystics, and philosophers in Islamic history. She is the perfect example of love, faith, and trust. Rabia was known in different names in different parts of the world, such as Hazrat bibi, Rabia Al Basri, Rabia Basari. 

Her work for Sufism is outstanding. By her knowledge and belief, she wrote many songs and elegant poems. Rabia was a teacher for both men and women. 

She believed beauty is revealed by divine love towards God. Rabia was independent and never called any man her master. The reputation she earned surpasses many Muslim men in the beginning periods of Sufism. 

Razia Sultana, First Female Indian Sultan

Razia Sultana, First Female Indian Sultan

Islam may give women the right to speak and education, but the right to rule was forbidden for women, and entitling a woman as a sultan was impossible. But this changed when Muslims conquered eastern, northern, and central Asia. 

The first woman Sultan in Islamic history was Razia al-Din, Usually known as Razia sultana. Razia sultana was an enthusiastic person towards knowledge and women’s rights. 

Razia was entrusted by her father and nominated as the sultanate of Delhi. After her father’s death, she was officially titled as the Delhi Sultan. 

However, a group of individuals opposed her supremacy and rebelled against her. Even her aunt Shah Turkan Tried to execute her so that Razia’s half brother Ruknuddin Firuz can ascend to the throne. 

But she won against all the rebellion held against her and ruled Delhi for four years. At this time, Razia established perfect law and order in her region, in which every person must obey all the regulations held by her. To increase trade and economy, she built streets, burrowing walls, and enough marketplaces. 

She loved the idea of women’s education and tried to create a respectable place for women in man’s society. To fulfill her dreams, she built many schools, institutes, and science exploration places. 

Furthermore, she established open libraries as information centers. These libraries helped many Muslim researchers and philosophers to work on the Quran and hadiths. These libraries ensured safekeeping, sharing, and exchanging knowledge all over Delhi. 

According to the English calendar, Razia Sultana was killed on 15 October 1240 by a group of Hindu soldiers. 

Rufaida Al-Aslamia, The First Islamic Female Surgeon 

Rufaida Al-Aslamia, The First Islamic Female Surgeon

In the medieval ages, Islam was the most advanced civilization in medicine than any other culture. Islam combined ancient greek medicine studies, Roman parchments, Mesopotamian, and Indian Ayurvedic studies. But medicine and pharmaceutical works started in the Islamic origin period. 

Muslim women stereotypes were not like now. In fact, the first female nurse and surgeon in Islamic history were Rufaida Al-Aslamia. This Indian Muslim girl was born in Medina, in 620 AD. 

Rufaida was kind, generous, and was passionate about medical work. Her passion for medicine works came from her father. Rufaida’s father, Sa`ad Al Aslamy, was a great physician. 

In Muhammed times, many jihads happened to establish Islam as a global religion. Rufaida practiced her medicine and nursing skills in injured soldier’s tents. It is also recorded that she treated many wounded soldiers, such as protection from heat, sand storm, and providing shelter during the jihads. 

Furthermore, Rufaida formed a team of women. She trained them and made them capable of nursing and helping the wounded. 

An interesting theory is, with her enrich knowledge in medicinal studies, she was the first woman who established mobile care systems for the medical needs of a community. 

You may also read Ibn Sina Inventions and History on Quarantine

Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Founder in Iran 

Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Founder in Iran

One of the most influential women in Iran, Shirin Ebadi, is a political activist, lawyer, judge, and human rights activist. 

She was born on June 21, 1947, at Hamadan. Shirin’s father was the city’s chief notary officer and a commercial law professor. She was determined to be a lawyer from an early age. 

In 1965, she graduated from Tehran University. After a short period of internship in law, she became a judge in March, in the year of 1969. 

Furthermore, Shirin was also a dedicated writer in magazines, newspapers, and local journals. 

In 2004, Shirin Ebadi campaigned for strengthening the legal status of children and women in Iran, through a letter to Mohammed Khatami, the fifth president of Iran. Her letter played a crucial role in the 1977 presidential election. 

She devoted her whole life to peace and human rights in Iran. For her remarkable deeds in human rights, she was awarded ( as the first Muslim female) noble peace prize in 2003.

Fatima Al-Fihiri, The Light of Education

Fatima Al-Fihiri, The Light of Education

To share knowledge, constitutions were needed, so that knowledge can spread equally and can reach every sphere of society. But the idea of school, college, and university in early periods of the Islamic community were yet not discovered.

Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque was the first successful university in world history. And guess what, this marvel was established by a woman named Fatima Al- Fihiri. 

Fatima was born in 800 Ad in a town named Kairouan, now Tunisia. Some Muslim researchers say she was migrated from Tunisia to town fees, in Morocco. Although she belonged to a rich family, her family didn’t start wealthy. Through much hardship and struggle, her father became a wealthy merchant of Morocco. 

After her father’s death, Fatima inherited a large sum of wealth. Islamic historians know a little about her personal life. Because the Al-Qarawiyyin’s archives were burnt down to the ground in the 13th century. Fatima was wedded, but her husband died shortly after her father’s death. 

Later on, she spent most of her money on purchasing Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque in Morocco. Fatima rebuilt this place and doubled its size. Before the mosque was reconstructed, it was not suitable for a university building. To solve this problem, Fatima changed the entire architectural design of Al-Qarawiyyin.

According to local histories, the rebuilt progression was 18 years, and every single day Fatima fasted and prayed to Allah. Her devotion to Allah was extraordinary, which helped her to finish such a huge project.

Begum Rokeya, The Uprising Star of Bangla 

Begum Rokeya, The Uprising Star of Bangla

After the middle ages, the modern era of Islam started. Islam spread globally, and rules of Muslim traditions were fulfilled harshly. Women faced many jurisdictions rather than men. 

Begum Rokeya was one of the first South Asian feminists thinkers, influential writer, teacher, and political activist. She struggled her entire life in establishing women’s rights in South Asia. 

She was born on 9 December 1884. In that period, women were neglected from many social rights such as the right to speak, educate, and vote. Going outside without wearing proper clothes was strictly forbidden. Rokeya was one of the few known Muslim female authors in southern Asia. 

Rokeya’s father was also an influential man and expert in Arabic, Urdu, Persian, Bangla, Hindi, and English. Yet, his view toward women’s education was very conservative. 

However, Rokeya’s passion for education and knowledge did not stop her, even though she didn’t receive primary education. In her youth, she learned Bangla and English from her elder brothers.  

She worked for the racial equality of men and women in society. Rokeya strongly believed that the shortage of education for women was responsible for their poor financial situation. Her work in poetry expressed her feminist thoughts. 

Some of her main works are- 

  • Motichur
  • Sultana’s dream
  • Oborodh Basini, etc. 

These works of poetry realized the cruel reality of Pardah and how it threatened the lives of women. 

Later on, she established a home school for girls of all religions. But for many oppressions, an increasing number of students, and domestic reasons she had to transfer her school many times in different places. 

Begum Rokeya insisted Muslim families to send their female children to schools, by going to their houses. She is the perfect example of a leading Muslim woman.


Question 1: Who is the world's best woman in Islam history?

Answer: It is pretty hard to decide, but according to some schoolers Asiyah is entitled as the world’s best woman in Islam. She is one of the four “ladies of havan.” 

Question 2: What is the hijab?

Answer: Hijab is a traditional piece of cloth, worn by Muslim women. Islam suggests women dress modestly, to protect their privacy from strangers men. In Islamic communities, for women showing sensitive body parts and exhibiting one’s reproduction parts is considered a sin and a punishable crime.

Question 3: Who wrote the Quran?

Answer: According to Islamic beliefs, the Quran is the final and foremost important book sent by Allah for all humankind. The last prophet Muhammad received this holly book over 23 years, through archangel Gabriel (Jibril), starting on 22 December 609 CE. At the age of 40, Muhammad finished the entire Quran in 632 CE.

Question 4: Who accepted Islam first?

Answer: As stated in many hadiths, the first grown man who accepted Islam was Abu Bakr, and the first child who believed Muhammad’s words was Ali ibn Abi Talib.

Question 5: Who is the first woman to enter Jannah?

Answer: According to hadiths, the first woman who will enter Jannah will be Asiyah, another bright example of leading Muslim women. She was the first wife of Pharaoh, the exodus. 

Wrapping Up

Throughout ancient times, women faced many difficulties, unlike men. Even in modern male-driven society, women have to endure hardship.

Maybe the circumstances have changed, and the state is not worse like medieval ages, but still, people’s views towards women are limited. The above 9 women are just a few examples of glorious women’s history. 

If we look at the past and fast forward to modern society, we will see that females didn’t care about how they were treated, they did what needed to be done. 

If you have any questions concerning famous Muslim women, then please let us know in the comment section. 

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